Scenic view from atop Miltenberg Castle on the Main River.

The Best Time to Take a River Cruise in Europe, USA and Asia

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Talk to five different people and you’ll get five different answers about the best time to take a river cruise in Europe. When deciding when to plan your river cruise, there are a lot of factors to consider.

I get asked this question all the time. Each season has its advantages…and disadvantages. Some people want to take a Rhine river cruise in the spring for the spectacular scenery of Tulip Time.

Others prefer a Danube river cruise in December for Christmas Markets. Maybe cruise the Mekong in the winter to avoid monsoon season. There are pros and cons to consider.

Spring Europe river cruise through the Iron Gates
Early spring river cruise on the middle Danube, as we thread our way through the Iron Gates narrows.

When is The Best Time For a River Cruise in Europe?

Enjoy an off-season Europe river cruise and yes, you’ll avoid the crowds and the heat. Cruise during high tourist season and you’ll catch summer festivals and annual outdoor events. It really depends on your personal preferences. And what weather extremes you can and cannot tolerate.

Twice I’ve tried to complete a full-length Rhine, Main and Danube cruise between Bucharest and Amsterdam. Twice we’ve had to stop our cruise mid-way due to each of the rivers’ unpredictable old chestnuts…flood and drought.

This can happen in almost any season of the year, except of course, winter. That’s when river ships in Europe go into dry dock. 

So what happens when there’s a flood? One of two things: everyone switches from their river ship that was going to one direction to another one that will turn around and continue onward. OR…the cruise line will use the docked ship as a floating hotel.

Welcome sign held by Viking Lif crew members.
Viking Lif crew members welcomed us aboard after a ship shuffle from Viking Skadi on the Danube.

Shore excursions will be via motor coach. Not the river cruise you had hoped for but it’s not the fault of the cruise line.

In Europe, the mighty Alps feed the Rhine, Main and Danube rivers from its source in Switzerland. Snowmelt flows in two directions. Downstream to form the Rhine as it flows to the North Sea.

In a second direction, melting snow contributes to the water levels of the Main and Danube rivers on its journey to the Black Sea.

Here are some basic points to keep in mind when deciding the best time of year for a river cruise.

Planning Your Europe River Cruise

As you can imagine, a hefty winter snowfall in the Alps compounded by a rainy Spring can easily cause the Rhine, Main and Danube to overflow their banks.

If you’re already underway and see trees and furniture floating past your river ship, it’s a good sign that flooding has begun. April, May and June are the mostly likely months for flooding.

Take a look at the flood-prone areas…

map of countries and flood zones in Europe
Flood event zones in Europe. The darker the color, the higher the chances. Map credit: ESPON

The same spring floods or summer droughts can affect the rivers of France, too. A late spring thaw and heavy rains can cause the bridges along the Rhône and Saône to be impassible.

When the trees are underwater, that’s a good sign that you’ll have a ship swap pretty soon.

Smaller rivers like the Elbe and Mosel in northern Europe are affected more in the late autumn when, if after a hot and dry summer, water levels become too low and ships could scrape bottom. This could happen on the Rhine as well, but it’s not something to worry about year to year as it is on the Elbe.

Best Time to Take a USA River Cruise

Yes, the Mississippi River is prone to seasonal floods, too. Those beautiful, four-story wedding cake paddle wheelers just can’t fit under the bridges when there’s too much water.

Bring on the motor coach tours, just like in Europe. The best time of year to plan a river cruise on the Mississippi seems to be not too much different than in Europe.

Due to icing conditions, upper Mississippi River cruises end no later than November or December. Holiday cruises on the lower Mississippi River tend to be round-trip from New Orleans and not upstream to Memphis and beyond.

Summers on the Mississippi are hot, humid and did I mention hot?

Read more: How to Choose the Best River Cruise In Europe

Columbia and Snake Rivers in the Pacific Northwest are also seasonal cruises. Summer temperatures in the high desert can reach into the 100s. I’ve cruised these two rivers several times, always in the late spring or early fall. Fall is gorgeous if you love the changes colors of the trees, as long as they’re not on fire. 

Fall cruises could also be a bit rainy as your river ship closes in on the Pacific Ocean near Astoria, Oregon. Wildfires in the Pacific Northwest any time of year can make air quality a major issue.

When to Plan a Mekong River Cruise

The Mekong River stretches an incredible 2,700 miles from its source high in Tibet’s Himalayan mountains to the Mekong Delta in the South China Sea.

As the Mekong flows through six countries, China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and finally Vietnam, the monsoon season follows its course during the winter months from August to November.

Flooding on the lower Mekong Delta is an annual event in South Vietnam and Cambodia and a necessity for rice farmers and dozens of fisheries in its path. Rarely is a river cruise canceled due to flooding on the Mekong.

The dry season, from November through February can be quite pleasant. Keep in mind, though, that no matter what month you choose to cruise the Mekong, it’s going to be hot and humid.

Decide on Your Priorities

What is your main goal for taking a river cruise? Scenery, history, cuisine and culture? So many rivers and only twelve months in a year. 

It’s important to determine if you’re more concerned about weather, inconveniences or itinerary disruptions or are you more interested in cultural experiences, local festivals and seasonal events despite inconsistent weather patterns. On a river cruise, you just have to go with the flow. Literally.

To me, any time of year is the best time of year for a river cruise!

Want more travel inspiration for your river cruise?

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2 Comments

  1. Hi Mary,
    Thank you for your comment and for reading my articles. I don’t sell cruises so I would suggest that you ask friends or family to refer you to a cruise-oriented travel agent. He or she will have all the information you will need. You could contact the river cruise line directly, but that isn’t always in your best interest. Whatever you choose, have a wonderful river cruise.

    Best regards,
    Sherry

  2. Could I please have all the info. you can send on the Lower Mississippi cruise. Price please and any info. I might need. I am very interested

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